Showing posts with label WWF. Show all posts
Showing posts with label WWF. Show all posts

Saturday, 27 May 2017

#Indonesia - Saving coral reefs

As an archipelago, Indonesia is rich with pristine coral reefs. However, their existence is being threatened by destructive fishing, excessive tourism and marine accidents.

To accidents have already occurred in 2017. The first happened in the Karimunjawa islands, Jepara regency, Central Java, in February, when a vessel carrying coal hit coral reefs. The second accident involved a cruise ship that crashed into coral reefs in Raja Ampat, West Papua, in March.

Coral reefs are home to 25 percent of marine life, according to WWF.
A damaged coral reef cannot be restored to its original condition and needs at least 10,000 years to regrow naturally.


PT Pura Baruna Lestari, a private company at Sambangan Island in the Karimunjawa Islands, has tried to transplant coral reefs to speed up the growing process. Any efforts to rehabilitate and enhance the reefs are necessary, especially in transplanting coral colonies to reefs.

“We cut coral stems from their colony in the seabed and bring them to the land to cut them into smaller pieces. The little stems are planted in small pots and cemented. They are soaked in a big tub for two days and brought back into the seabed and planted in the three-to five-meter deep waters,” said Daniel Jackson, a coral reef transplant expert at Pura Baruna Lestari.

Marine Diving Club members of the Diponegoro University’s School of Marine and Fishery study transplant techniques in Sambangan Island.

“We can learn by doing instead of just [learning about] the theory. We also know the habitat and the character of coral reefs,” said one of the students, Siti Yasmina Enita.

The different kinds of corals that can be transplanted, include Acropora, Montipora, Pocilopora, Cypastrea and Stylopora, among others.

The transplanted coral reefs can grow in at least three months. Some are ready to be harvested and exported to Europe and the United States.

Source - TheJakartaPost

Sunday, 30 April 2017

Hungry elephants in Sumatra destroy local plantations

Locals have called on authorities to take action to drive away three wild elephants, which came close to residential areas in Bengkalis regency, Riau province and destroyed palm and crop plantations.
The herd of the endangered animal had visited Jl. Rangau, Pematang Pudu subdistrict, Mandau district, in the past two weeks, but it was only in the past week that they began eating the local’s plantations, local Nimrot Sinaga said.
“They also destroyed an 8-hectare 3-year old palm plantation, which belongs to my parents,” he said on Friday.
The elephants usually came at night, he said, adding that he and the other residents tried to drive the elephants away using firecrackers. However, the elephants remained circling the area as other residents also tried to cast them away from the opposite direction.
He predicted that the three elephants are one family as they comprised of two adults and one calf around five years old.
“We expect the Riau Natural Resource Conservation Agency [BKSDA] will soon deploy a tamed elephant to lead the wild elephants away from the plantations and residences,” he said.
 Tamed elephants are usually used to mitigate conflict between wild elephants and humans.
Nimrot said if authorities did not take swift action, he feared the local people would not be able to contain their anger as their palm plantations were eaten by the elephants. He said the elephants ate the palm shoots, which will kill the trees.
Besides palms, the elephants also ate other crops including sweet potatoes, beans and many other kinds of vegetables.
“If they keep causing restlessness among locals, I fear for their safety. They are protected animals, but their lives could be at risk,” he said.
Meanwhile, Mandau district head Djoko Edy Imhar said he had contacted Riau BKSDA to report the incident.
“BKSDA must lead the wild elephants away from local residences and plantations to prevent any possible conflicts,” he said.
Agency official R. Hutajulu said his office had assigned a team to monitor the wild elephant’s movements. It was detected that they were around the Jambon public cemetery and the team would try to lead them to Talang Forest at night.
From this monitoring, it was known that the herds’ movements were slow as one of the adult elephants could not walk properly. The elephant’s leg was wounded from a trap, which struck it some time ago. The agency’s team had treated the wound, but he said the healing process might take a while as the wound was on the elephant’s foot.
Hutajulu urged people not to get panicky if the three wild elephants passed their yards while they were herded to the Talang Forest.
“People must remain calm as Riau BKSDA is following their movements. It is better for people to stay at a safe distance so the elephants do not feel threatened and chase people instead,” he said.
The rampant conversion of forests into plantations has increased the rate of human-elephant conflicts in the country. Data from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Indonesia in 2015 showed that Indonesia had the highest number of human-elephant conflicts in Asia.
 Source - TheJakartaPost